In Nepal, prostitution is illegal and is included under the legal definition of human trafficking. We commonly see poverty-driven prostitution and sexual exploitation. Trafficking is usually from Nepal to major metros in neighboring countries, like India. The Department of State has listed Nepal as a Tier 2 Country in the 2022 Trafficking of Persons Report
, meaning their government does not fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA)’s
minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards. The report also states that, “although the government had national standards for care of trafficking victims, referral efforts remained ad hoc and inadequate,” showing a need for organizations to provide quality care for survivors.